In today’s lesson we’re looking at Bach’s Invention no. 1, the first out of a collection of 15 written in 1720. We’ll be looking at the full piece: the subject, the motifs, the rhythm, the harmony and the structure because there is so much to learn!

What's the difference between a hook and a riff

The riff is a short and catchy melodic idea and it recurs so often that it gives character and structure to a song. The hook is any part of a song that is meant to grab the listener’s attention. The hook is also catchy but it doesn’t recur as often so that it makes a greater impact when it turns up.

How to remember key signatures

There are 15 different key signatures in music so how do we figure out which ones have sharps and which ones have flats? How do we know how many sharps and flats they have? And where do the minor keys fit in? We’ll answer all these questions and others like them thanks to a few …

How to Easily Remember All Key Signatures Read More »

How many major scales are there and why

In total, there are 12 major scales because the major scale pattern can begin on any of the 12 notes of the musical alphabet.

Why are there 3 minor scales

There are 3 minor scales, or more precisely, 3 variants of the minor scale because of how harmony and melody interact in tonal music. Composers change some notes of the minor scale to achieve a specific sound for a particular style.

How to tell if a song is major or minor

There are two ways to tell whether a song is major or minor: by ear and by sight. When doing it by ear, listen to the major vs. minor qualities in the music. When reading the sheet music, the answer is in the key signature and in notes and chords are used.

Does every song have a chorus?

No, not every song has a chorus. While most songs do have a chorus, there are plenty of great songs without one. These songs are just as effective and prove that is not necessary for a song to have a chorus.

Is tonic the same as root

No, the tonic is not the same as the root. While the tonic is the fundamental, ‘home’ note of scales and keys, the root is the fundamental note of chords and arpeggios.

What is Tension and Release in Music? School of Composition .com

‘Tension and release’ refers to the build-up of musical intensity that eventually dissolves and relaxes. For the listener, a moment of unrest in the music creates an expectation for its resolution and an anticipation for the drama to resolve. Tension and release keeps the music moving forward.

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